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One out of 25 hospitalized patients acquires one type of nosocomial infection per day. Is there any solution to this serious problem? Yes, there is. Read the article below to know in detail
What is a nosocomial infection?
Nosocomial infection otherwise referred to as hospital-acquired infection, is acquired by the patients during a hospital stay of a minimum of 48 hours. Hence, people with weaker immunity are more prone to this infection.
What are the hotspots of nosocomial infection?
In hospitals, high-touch areas such as ICU areas, ventilators, patient’s bed, bedside tables, door handles, nursing counters, walls, and windows are more prone to nosocomial infections. Both porous (like curtains) and nonporous surfaces (medical instruments) are great reservoirs for nosocomial microbes.
Present status of Nosocomial infection
According to the WHO Statistics, among every 100 hospitalized patients, 7 from developed countries and 10 from developing countries acquire nosocomial infection. Moreover, 15 percent of all hospitalized patients acquire this infection. 
Here is the incidence rate of nosocomial infections:

Income countries         Incidence rate

    High                           3.5%-12%
       Middle                        5.7%-19.1%
        Low                            5.7%-19.1%

Moreover, the frequency of nosocomial infection in low-income countries is thrice more than in high-income countries. And, 4-56 percent of deaths occur in neonates, where 75 percent from Sub-Saharan Africa and South-East Asia.

What is the incidence rate of the varied types of nosocomial infections?

The most common types of nosocomial infections include:
                 Types of nosocomial infections                                                   Incidence Rate

      Central line-associated bloodstream infections                          12-25%
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections                                 12%
 Surgical site infections                                                                      2-5%
    Ventilator-associated pneumonia                                                   9-27%


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